10 Things You May Not Have Known About Haiti
I’ve been learning a lot about Haiti and thought I’d share a few interesting facts with you. People always ask me how it is since the earthquake in 2010, if they have made a lot of progress in rebuilding the country. While the earthquake did cause the loss of many lives ahd homes, as well as siginificantly damaging the infrastructure of the country, its most significant impact was shedding light on the conditions that already existed in Haiti:
1. Total population is about 10 million
2. There are 2 official languages spoken in Haiti: French and Haitian Creole
3. Haiti is a primarily Catholic nation
4. Haitian exports include mangos and coffee
5. 55% of Haitians live below the international poverty line of $1.25 per day; it is considered the poorest county in the Americas
6. Half of children under 5 are malnourished
7. Life expectancy for males is only 60 years and 63 years for females
8. Only 26% of births in Haiti are assisted by a skilled birth attendent. This is actually down from 46% in 1995.
9. Neonatal mortality rate is 25 out of 1000 births. To put this into perspective, the neonatal mortality rate in the U.S. is only 4.5 out of 1000 births.
10. Half of school age children are not enrolled in school and one-third of girls over age 6 never go to school